In what ways (and why) does ‘The Shrinking Lover’ guide and misguide the viewer?

The scene starts of with  non diegetic  eery music from the film within the film this represents the blurring of the line with the world in the film and Benigno, this guids the viewer to relate the action going on the black and white film with whats happening as he tells the story.  A close up is used of benigno pulling away the hospital gown, this highlights benignos trangressive nature towards alicia this may also highlight a sexual nature towards the scene. This clearly link to a later shot of alfrado in later on in the scene within the black and white film who is also shown through a close up shot undoing his girlfriends gown, this links benigno and alfrado as they both have love for theese women and want to get close with them. The mise on scene in both of theese also link both women as the colour of their gowns are white, the white of their gowns represnts the girls innocents. There are also several match cuts used to present these two woemn as the same such as close up shots of their faces showing one asleep and the other in a coma. These shots guide the viewer into seeing a link between both the women, and Alfrado and Benigno. There is the use of a action reaction shot of benigno looking at Alicia as though hes looking for a response but there is no dialogue, this represents the disconnect between both benigno and Alicia, showing they have no relationship. This misguids the viewer as there connection in this scene between the actions of Benigno and Alfrado, however it is clear in the black and white movie the characters are a couple as they communicate, whereas benigno and Alicia are not, this could  also highlight how Aldrados “rape” is more acceptable as they are a couple, guiding the veiwer into showing how Benigno is different compared to Alfrado as Benignos love is more of a weird obsession.

There is a mid shot of Benigno says “whos a bit over weight, like me” this is benigno associating himself with Alfredo, this shows how benigno thinks he is the same as Alfrado as they both love their women therefore he thinks its acceptable to rape alicia. This shows Almodvas links to media within society and how hes showing how media links to the minds of people.  This shot guides the veiwer into thinking that its almost acceptable that Benigno rapes alicia because he comes across as doing it because he is in love with her and that he could could be mentally persuaded by the black and white film to rape Alicia.   The framing allows the viewer to realize that we are watching the film from Benigno point of view and it forgrounds its media platform, this guids the veiwer into thinking that the black and white film is only Benignos interpretation of the film in his own mind rather than what is actually going on. The high contrast of black and white highlights this positive message of a act of kindness an element of not being selfish it suggests that Benigno looks after her so he feels like he can rape her. There are close up shots of  benigno hands rubbing  Alicias legs this is a confrontational image it represents benigno as being un professional, this guides the veiwer into thinking there is something not okay about the way Benigno treats alicia. There are close ups of Alfrados partner of her showing she is enjoying alfredo entering her body through her vagina , however the match cuts to the close up of alicias face highlights the difference as she is just emotion less. These close ups shots all show alicia in a different postion in each shot, this shows that alicia has moved, this guides the viewer into thinking something has happend, linking to the rape.   Sideways veiw of the lavalamp, this reprsents Benigno raping her and to guide the veiwer into letting them know the rape has happend. Benigno says ” and alfrado stays inside her forever”  this represents the rape as benigno takes this and thinks it’s exceptable to rape Alicia as he wants to be close to her like alfrado. This guides the viewer into the realisation of Alicia being raped. Alfredo’s sacrifices himself as he is technically committing suicide by entering her. This is also similar to Benigo as he is also scaraficing his life to get closer with Alicia, as later on in the film he is put in prison and ends up committing suicide, this guides the viewer into thinking about the foreshadowing of Benigos death. There are several links within this sequence between the character of Norman bates in bates motel and alfrado and benigo. This is clear to the veiwer as the film is black and white, tbe types of houses are the same, all three charters have a close relationship with their mothers and the storyline of all three films is based around the effect on the female characters. This guides the veiwer into thinking there is going to be a bad ending benigo. The presents of this black and white film is used to represent the rape, the actual moment of the rape isn’t shown because graphic imagery is often used to show characters in a bad light,  so if an actual  rape scene was shown, the audience would be guided to think benigo a bad person. However the fact this scene has been used to cover the rape guides the viewer into thinking The rape didn’t really happen even though the black and white film indicate it has happend, therefore the audience actually feel sympathy for the character rather than hatred. This has been done so the viewer can be more understanding towards the rape suggesting Benigo only raped her just because he loves her even though we he has done is not acceptable. Furthermore this black and white film presents rape as humerus from the over exaggerated and funny acting, this again guides both benigo and the veiwer into thinking rape is acceptable. 



Opening sequence Saving Private Ryan

Issues in World War 2 films:

  • Factually correct
  • Over exaggerated/ drama
  • Propaganda/ glorifying it
  • Respectful (each time camera passes a cross, drum sounds showing individual recognition for each soldier and crosses have their own screen time)

Opening sequence

  • Patriotism: flag
  • Flag dominates the whole screen: desaturated, tinged with sadness, the idea that America isn’t entirely whole, the way it waves in the wind shows it’s not as strong
  • Low angle shot of the flag makes it seem heavenly and almost transparent/ faded
  • Powerful image as the audience is primarily American- flag is especially important to Americans
  • Roman font for the title- what you use on a grave stone
  • Music played is in major, sets the tone by being slow and sombre
  • Bugle being played gives the impression that we’re at a memorial
  • Enigma shot of feet- we don’t know who it is or what they’re doing
  • Spielberg didn’t want to make it an exploitative drama
  • Camera tracks individually the graves but also collectively
  • Context: French flag indicates that they’re at the American memorial in France
  • Full orchestra starts playing as he walks towards the graves
  • He begins to cry- sets up the tone of the film/ sets the emotional agenda of the film from the outset
  • Context: Spielberg’s father fought on the beach on D-day
  • Implied graphic match when zooming into Private Ryan
  • Significance of setting it in present day: seeded misperception
  • Camera work- emotional response- feels like we’re there
  • Individual shots of men’s faces
  • Water scene to contrast with the chaos and make the battle scene more powerful/ intensifies the violence/ the audience would become desensitised if it went on for a long duration
  • Muffled sound underwater- subjective positioning with sound: hear what the characters hear
  • Different tone under the water: sound/ colour/ what we see
  • Sound= foley/ expositional dialogue
  • The battle scene is slightly desaturated/ bleached out
  • Documentary style- realism
  • Set on Omaha Beach which was one of the main entry points into German-occupied France in Normandy
  • He used such things as desaturated colour, which added to the dulled effect, which brought out the great tragedy and emotions in the film.
  • By adding desaturation to the colour made the deaths seem more explicit, dark and deeply disturbing.
  • In addition, the portrayal of the old newsreels allowed the audience to feel as if they were really there witnessing the events that were taking place in the 1940’s.
  • The battle scenes are overly surrounded with blood.
  • Stark enactments of deliberate mutilation and random dismemberment depict the too numerous lives that are horribly wasted.
  • The sanctity of life is presented to the audience with lack of meaning; death is illustrated throughout the opening scene as continuous and ordinary.
  • The film questions the value of human life and what is valid to sacrifice for it.
  • Sound is a key factor utilized by Spielberg to add realism.
  • Throughout the opening battle scene sounds of gunfire fill the air as the soldiers make their way towards the beach.
  • The soundtrack consists of loud noises, for example, gun fire and exploding bombs.
  • This feature reinforces various points in the scene where dialogue is barely audible, this particular layout is deliberately done so by Spielberg to emphasise to the audience how in reality but in particular, war the difficulties present were.
  • Moreover, such small but vital details as these allow the audience to realise what it was truly like for the soldiers on the battle field.
  • In this scene there is too a lot of confusion presented by the muting of sound, which is shown by the way that the soldiers react mainly because of shock and the fact that death cannot be escaped.
  • This rich use of depriving sound adds to the anxiety and anticipation of the scene, including the creation of realistic chaos typical of intense military conflict.
  • Spielberg applies innovative ways of sound placement and sound deprivation to help reveal character and reinforce central ideas and themes.
  • With the sound effects rising, such as the clanging of the bottle and the man being sick at the begging of the scene, makes the audience aware of the growing tension.
  • Furthermore, regarding sound, Captain Miller’s moment of confusion shows the idea of being shell-shocked.
  • As a bomb loudly crashes into the beach near where Captain Miller is walking.
  • This is greatly shown by the camera shaking to add more chaos and shows that there is more destruction in this scene.
  • Spielberg purposefully used a shaker to vibrate the camera to approximate the impact of explosions.
  • As Captain Miller is shocked, the cameras zoom into a close up of him in jerky slow motion.
  • This creates the idea of helplessness.
  • Many films use blank munitions for sound effects that mimic gunfire, but on the contrary Spielberg instead used weapons with live rounds.
  • The realistic effects of the gunfire and the innovative placement of sounds create a rich cinematic experience, in order to present realism.
  • Moreover, Spielberg too applies the use of camera shots to present “Saving Private Ryan” in a realistic portrayal to the audience.
  • What’s more effective about the scene is where the soldiers are still on the engine boat, immediately after the boat door opens, chaos suddenly enters the film.
  • An unforeseen event occurs as German soldier’s fire their guns at the only recently arrived Americans.
  • At this part, Spielberg has the cameras set over the German soldiers’ shoulder with their identity concealed.
  • Such actions from Spielberg illustrate to the audience that no matter what nations participate in the war, nothing good can come from conflict, in this case war.
  • This long shot is also effective as it gives a clear view of their dominance and acts again humanity.
  • As the soldiers are suddenly taken down one by one with the sound of the rushing bullets, the handheld cameras are immediately brought out.
  • They follow the few remaining survivors into the sea.
  • As the camera drifts above and below the water, chaos suddenly emerges as if the individuals present were drowning.
  • This is too presented because the sound is muted as if it were the soldiers own lack of senses not working in his time of turbulence.
  • Spielberg uses haphazard cameras to follow the soldiers into the battle.
  • It has the audience directly feel as if they’re apart of the action because they can view and experience the battle themselves.
  • This allows the audience to feel more involved in the whole experience as if they’re following the soldiers, and taking part in the war themselves.
  • There are a series of long shots of the soldiers but soon changes to the point of view of the Germans once more.
  • This is a great technique as other conventional films only demonstrate the battles being from one-side but using an over-the-shoulder shot for the point of view makes the Germans appear more powerful as they are looking down upon the soldiers and therefore have an advantage.
  • In this scene we can also see that the most common emotion felt is confusion as many soldiers appear to be lost and traumatized because of the terror they witness.
  • The second section of the opening scene was in instant chaos.
  • As the camera turns away from the iron hedgehog and set to a close up of Captain Miller nerves, which is shown through his shaking hands.
  • Also as the camera zooms away from the single image of Captain Miller, the director emphasises how significant his presence is in the war.
  • When the men are shot down underwater there are various close up shots of the wounded, to try and encourage sympathy for the suffering war veterans went through for society as a whole.
  • This is made realistic by Spielberg hiring actual amputees being casted into the film.
  • In “Saving Private Ryan” the camera focuses on capturing key moments of torment.
  • The film consists of some men jump over the sides of the boat to avoid gun fire, only to be drowned by their own packs
  • The air is heavily filled with smoke and the sound of screams
  • Image after image of unforgettable carnage is displayed, and at one point, everything seems to slow down, and the sounds grow distant, as though time were standing still
  • Overall Spielberg has clearly made several attempts to illustrate the film “Saving Private Ryan” in a realistic manner, in which I believe he has succeeded.
  • Moreover, the soldiers were in authentic uniforms and weighted down with heavy guns and seen shaking in fear, praying, and throwing up
  • Soldiers that survived that day to tell their story helped provide details about what they experienced.
  • The images shown were extremely shocking and brutal but showed the audience what fighting in war was really like and how several soldiers suffered and died
  • “Realism in film is achieved through artiface”- Bazin
  • Fixed lense
  • Robert Capa- photographer: Level of cultural recognition
  • Action reaction- Germans POV vs Americans POV
  • Editing: long duration shots
  • No dramatic irony- we don’t know anything that the people on the beach know
  • Tom Hanks- non matrixed index: shaking hands
  • Dialogue before bomb sounds- individual shots- generates sympathy
  • Long slow build up however all of the men being shot in the boat happens suddenly- presents how the war is unexpected/ shocking
  • German soldier’s representation: silhouettes/ gunning down the soldiers that have already fixed us with some empathy
  • Blood on screen= more real
  • Start to associate with a character as they start to speak/ they’re being saved however they die
  • Repetition of German POV
  • All the light in the middle- dark around the edges- makes it seem like it’s our perspective
  • Repetition of subjective positioning

Irezumi’ (Masumara, 1966)

How might we consider ‘Irezumi’ as a film that targets a specific audience and addresses issues of a specific time period?

At the begging of the film men are represents men as abusive as the Tattoo artist Seikichi drugs Otsuya  and forcefully draws a tattoo on her back without consent. In this scene sonic perspective is used when the needle is digging into her back this makes the scene more intense and brutal. Also i think this scene could also be a metaphor for rape as the needle is entering the girl but the man, this represents men as being controlling. In the opening  of this film there is alot of signs to indicate danger such as the mise en scene of her clothing being the color red also the dietetic sound  the bell and the pathetic fallacy of the snow reflecting how  Otsuya is cold hear-ted.The camerawork used  is close up shots  to showing the intensity of pain  through  Otsuya  facial expressions, this also reflects the theatricality of the scene which is commonly used in Japanese films.  Also Tight framing has been used this is to reflect  the main theme of ‘being trapped’,  At the begging of this film women are represented as weak and in the ownership of men. This addresses the is issue of  the time as in japan at the time of this film being published there was a  post-war economic miracle this is when  Japan rapidly became the world’s second largest economy (after the United States) by the 1960s. However although the   welfare society maintained a   high total of employment, it included many part-time workers who  did not enjoy the workplace benefits and had very low pay, and were largely women. These people oftern worked for small companies that did not provide benefits such as lifetime employment as big companies started to do therefore there was a lot of unemployment in these small companies. This idea of women not getting good jobs and men benefiting more from society at the time is represented in this film, even though Otsuya gets kidnapped into prostitution, she has no other option as the society at the time does not allow her to get high payed job so has to earn money through prostitution. There is a lot of  low angle shots of Otsuya showing her leadership through the film, her higher status, however i think this only due to the fact her farther is of a high status.She trys to control certain men in the film through black mail such as Shinsuke, this due to the spider tattoo on her back.

 In the middle sequence sequence there is alot of tight framing, dialogue changes from the opneing to the middle as she becomes more confident. Also shinsuke dialogue becomes more confident as he says “what a horrible women youve become”, this is the first time in the film when he stands up to her and blames her instead of his self. However her resonses are just passing the blame onto the fact she has the spider on her back she says “he was devoted by the joro spider on my back”. When ever she is doing something horrible she is wearing the color red, annotates danger.  There is always the same dramatic music playing when theres close up of the spider on her back aswell as the pathetic fallacy of thunder. The Sumari  and Otsuya  are both negative characters this is shown through their dialogue such as “i dont care about money, when you can kill me in my sleep” and “between men and women its a fight to the death anyway” but characters are  cynics this negative theme is continue theme through out the film. In the ending of the film theres this continuous pathetic fallacy of death and danger reflecting the genre of gothic horror. The two characters Otsuya and shinsuke begin to fight there is alot of tight framing in this scene which reflects the closeness of the characters, also there is a lot of theatrical and over the top fighting in this scene, which is a typical feature of a Japanese film.  Shinsuke says “i kill you because i love you” this suggest of no happy ending fitting in with the negative theme of the film. The music volume incresses this is to highlight the intensity of the film. Otsuya and shinsuke rolses reverse as shinsuke becomes the more violent and dominant one, as he trys to stand up to her by trying to stab her, this shows how the deaths he has committed has made him go mad.  “forgive me” shinsuke says still till the end of the film he is shown to be  a pathetic character. Tattoo artist Seikichi comes and stabs otsuya in the back this is a metaphor for the theme of the film because everyone in the film is stabbed in the back by her, its also ironic becuase she finaly gets stabbed in the back. The graphic scene involves the blood of her pouring into his mouth this shows how the spider has stolen the blood of men. I think the target audience for this film is teenagers as the message of this film is that lessons arn’t learn t, and teenagers are known for growing up and making mistake i think this film is suppose to teach teenagers a overall lessson to learn from your mistakes dont continues to make mistakes, also i think they would be interested in the love affair of teenager romance.





Japanese cinema can be thought of as distinctive and yet it is influnced by other art forms and cultures

Japanese cinema has been influenced by a variety of arts and cultures such as german expressionism, western, books and theatre. These influences are represented through micro features and themes. I have decided to focus on the films Rashamon by Kurosuawa(1950) and Ugestu by kinji Mizoguchi (1953).

German expressionism was a big influence on japanese cinema in the golden age. For example both rashamon and ugestsu show dark themes, poverty, anger and war, which were main features of german expressionsm. This was presented through micro features such as shadows, low key light/high contrast. In the extreme establishing long shot the screen space is filled primarily with the surroundings: in the western genre this is a panoramic view of a desolate plain, mountain or valley, its been used in rashomon as the men are sitting in the background under the hut with the rain pouring down in front of them it is illustrating the barren, harsh environment an antagonist is set in; thereby explaining his psychological state effect of after the war. Continuous theme of death is introduced straight away in the dialogued used by the men in this scene, words such as “war” “death”in Rashamon. Also the framing of the characters portrays strong emotions throughout, this reflects the theme of losing faith in humanity.  Both directors included over exaggerated facial expressions and body movements which links to theatrical influences.

Theatre is another influence of Japanese cinema – a lot of the acting in Rashomon and Ugetsu Monogatari is heavily theatrical and similar to stage productions from that time. In addition, many scenes are shot from one side, as if a real life audience is watching the film.Another theatrical feature in these films is the over dramatic acting, which is often played by the women – strong emotions and bold facial expressions make it seem more like a stage production.Theatrical ways of filming and diagonal have been used this reflects another typical theme of Japanese films, it shows the over exaggeration of characters acting and the use if close ups. It makes it clear to the audience what the actors emotion is. Low key lighting has been used this also reflects the sad mood. In middle sequence, Over the shoulder shots have been used to show the facial expression of the people in the background, and seeing from the persons point of view. The wind in the background and flowing through her wavy dress makes the scene more dramatic. The Medium represents no realism, and links with the grudge.Many silent films that were being made at this time were accused of relying too heavily on a ‘Bengi’ which was a story teller that sat and narrated the films, this is another theatrical feature. Shakespeare’s plays and literature in general have inspired cinema worldwide and Japanese films are no exception.Books is another influence of Japanese cinema both rashamon and ugestsu are influenced by literature, some directors were influnced by the way in which a scroll is layed out in a linear format linking to the continuity of some of his story lines within his films.  Kurosawa grew up watching American Westerns, rather than traditional Japanese films. This inspired them to make Westerns when they  became a filmmaker, such as Seven Samurai. The western themes are shown through features such as fight scenes and close-ups.

In conclusion, Japanese cinema has been influenced by many other art forms and cultures. The main ones we have explored are German expressionism, the influence of the Western genre, books/literature and theatre. Rashamon and Ugetsu show examples of this throughout, via micro features and macro features (e.g. lighting, framing). German expressionism added the low key/high contrast light and dark themes, which were shown in both these films. Western influences included violence and close-ups – a common theme. Scrolls in literature linked with the continuity of particular films, and some films were influenced by old stories and books.The theme of  Theatre reflects this  over dramatic acting, which is often played by the women – strong emotions and bold facial expressions to make it seem more like a stage production,theatrical ways of filming and diagonal have also been used.






Jim Carreys comedy screen persona

Themes of character

  • jim carrey plays characters whos  quality of life improves almost instantaneously through the use of posotive thoughts
  • discovers a bizarre truth about the foundations of his life
  • Characters lacking in manners or social awareness

Jim carrey worked with the same director called tom shadyac for the films liar liar, ace ventura and bruce almighty.

same director for me myself&Irene and dumb and dumber -peter farrelly

Liar, Liar. Bruce Almighty, truman show


Liar, Liar (1998)

This was chosen as my focus film because its  Carrey  first fim in his career  where he takes on a serious role  , after spending the first 14 years of his career playing perpetual children. He shows a level of restraint as the “nice guy,” meaning a guy who deftly feigns capriciousness to avoid awkward confrontations, that eluded him in previous roles. The whole movie is really just a platform for Carrey to show off, and it’s pretty glorious stuff. As a technical comedian Carrey has rarely been better, and mingling the funny stuff with the emotional stuff, however shallow as it may be, presents a whole new range of possibilities. He never seems like he’s trying, which is a sign of a comedian at the top of his game.

The Truman Show” (1998) directed by Peter Weir

Carrey had never before worked with a director of Weir’s calibre, loads of people questioned why he was being put into such as serious film, but ended up playing a fantastic role as trueman.

Bruce almighty

i wanted to look at also anouther serious but comedy film but looking at jim carreys performance later on in his career. Carrey earned another fat paycheck to play a man who inherits the powers of Morgan Freeman. One of the highest grossing comedies of all times, “Bruce Almighty” is another underwhelming project bolstered by an endearing lead performance. Carrey’s at the top of his comedic game,


From this video about liar liar i learn about the storyline, a layer has to tell the truth for 24hrs, the film was a succses at box office. jim quotes “it has a much wider audience than things i normaly do” “jim plays a realistic character” plays a character with real emotions eg his chracters relationship with his son.

Online articles guilty pleasure: Liar Liar

Tom lamont  Thursday 3 April 2014

In this article it explains how liar liar is aimed at the target audience of young people due to jim carreys comedy acting entertaining the younger generation.” Aged 14, I found it flawless. Of course I did. To a generation of young filmgoers, Carrey could do no wrong.”. Jim carreys plays fletcher, “Fletcher’s mental block is used, aggressively, as an excuse for Carrey to smash office equipment, fall over, leap into walls and crush his own head with a toilet seat” this is typical of jim carrey to act dramatically, this is what his humor consists off-slapstick humour. The writer states “I’ve come to see it was a far more interesting film than Carrey’s other early-career knockabouts. It was more honest.” this suggest that jim carreys films with a more honest humour are more interesting to the audience. Jim Carrey’s belief system explains his choices, in movies and in life.

by Matt Singer

In this article it explains how jim carrey is older than he acts, “he’s 51, and a grandfather—Jackson, son of Carrey’s daughter Jane, was born in February 2010. Yet grown-up roles remain rare for Carrey” jim carreys characters always have childish mannerisms, and no social awareness. “He won two Golden Globes (for The Truman Show and Man On The Moon) but received zero Academy Award nominations. With the exception of The Truman Show, none of his dramas were major financial hits.” this suggest that jim carrey is more suited and liked in comedy dramas rather than just dramas. he is known for comedy therefore people like him in comedy films.

Tom Shadyac is Not Your Typical Hollywood Director By Sarah Fisher

“I Am is not a preachy film that condemns the lifestyles of its viewers so much as it is an exploration of how to regain some of the calm simplicity that modern society has lost through material gain and alienation from one another. The media has focused on the documentary as being a departure for the director, who is best known for his outlandish comedies and for helping to launch the movie career of actor Jim Carrey. But Shadyac sees parallels between the ideas behind his body of work and the healing aspect of I Am, including the surprising reason why he got into comedy in the first place.” “When I first saw Jim, I thought he was doing stuff that was so new it was scary. There was fear when I showed Ace Ventura to an audience because we thought maybe we were ending our careers. There was also fear when we made the choice to play that character so over the top, but we moved through it because we thought there was something really fun there.” tom shadyac has directed ace venture, liar liar, bruce almighty, with jim carrey as the main character, both tom and jim are spirtiual thinkers they also have the same humour that is why they work well together. Tom saw jim carrey as a new way of presenting humour in the film industry.


in 2007, Shadyac suffered a double-whammy of misfortune: The “Bruce Almighty” sequel “Evan Almighty” became one of the most expensive comedies ever made and the biggest comedic box-office bombs of all time. Then he suffered severe head trauma in a bicycle accident. Side effects of the accident included blurred vision and severe migraines that never seemed to go away, and Shadyac thought he was going to die. – comedy with seriousness ‘bruce almighty’

“Bruce Almighty keeps giving Carrey things to do, and he does most of them tolerably well: pulling faces, bending his body into pretzel shapes, free-associating insult routines and undercutting any potential nastiness with a winning grin. It’s a shame, however, that such an awesome premise should be handled with such timidity: God upbraids Bruce for using the powers He’s temporarily granted him only on magic tricks parting a bowl of tomato soup like the Red Sea but it’s hardly the character’s fault that the film can’t think of any more significant uses for its hero’s omnipotence.” This article explains that this film isnt that funny due to the strong topic of believing in god , there arent many optunities for jim carrey to be overly funny, “The saddest aspect of Bruce Almighty is that, uniquely for a Jim Carrey movie, the biggest laugh is unintentional. Bruce pleads with his boss Jack Keller for promotion to the anchorman spot a slimy rival has his eye on by declaring, “I can be an asshole.” Jack sincerely counters, “No, you can’t.” Though the supposed punchline is Bruce’s faked “Yes, I can” tantrum, the audience is likely to echo the old pantomime response and chant, “Oh, yes you can.”  this explains how some of the comedy is lost through the seriousness of the film. – screen persona in liar liar Kim Newman

“Carrey offers a more layered performance that belied his ability to actually… you know, act, rather than simply pull silly faces for the camera. Okay, so this film isn’t Oscar-caliber Carrey, and there are moments of manic comedy that will make you bust a gut if the mood takes you, but rather than simply hit level 10 from start to finish, Carrey provides the character of Fletcher with light and shade, a charismatic leading role that not only makes his douchebaggery less douchey, but actually makes us want him to succeed even though he’s a douchebag.” This reveiw explains how in liar liar comdey is a good level of over the top it fits in even though the film has a serious side to it. favourite film: The Truman Show by David Thomas

The character the jim carrey plays is a kind, caring. It says “One of Carrey’s strengths has always been his likability, yet it carried the feeling that he might snap at any minute. What makes Carrey frustrated but so intriguing now is the trouble he has had fighting optimism and its opposite. He may be the most unstable actor we have.” Their Best Role: Jim Carrey in ‘The Truman Show’

It wasn’t until 1997 and ‘The Truman Show’ that Carrey embraced a “serious” role, and his decision to do so inevitably raised a bunch of questions. Questions like: “Can the great director Peter Weir manage to keep the funnyman in check?” “Is a film about reality television too timely to be Looking back at The Truman Show seb patrick

The conceit of the film hinges on Truman having the most recognisable face in the world – and at that time, riding a wave of comedy megastardom that even the poor performance of The Cable Guy couldn’t halt, Carrey was pretty much exactly that.


Celebrity Biographies – The Amazing Life Of Jim Carrey – Famous Stars

i learn that jim carrey’s talent was blossomed at very early age though it took many years for mainstream audience to reconize his talent’s worth. Jim carrey has exceeded audiences expectations of serious acting roles and has made jim carrey “the most look forward for highly challenging roles, and the perforaming artist’s energetic voice has been utilized as part of various portrayals and voice overs” “it is a demonstration of jim carreys capacity to make everlasting characters that it feels as though jim carrey has been in motion picture business for an imaginvive perpetunjty” in other words i learn from this book that jim carreys characters will live on forever everyone will rememebr them.

The trueman show directed by peter weir

this book talks about scenes within the film, first it talks about how in a scene where jim carreys says “beautiful day isnt it? Always, Always” “jim carrets appearance and behaviour throughout the scene in which he is first seen on his way to the office creates an image of the conventional, upstanding middle-class american. His inner actions with his neighbours and people he regualry meets on the way to work exude goodwill and liberally salted with weak jokes depicting his conviviality. The incidents with the dog and that witht the twins show him as a submissive character. production elements contributing to our understansing truman as innocetn and happy include his costume and the lighting. he wears neat and well fitting light clothing. High key lighting is used to suggest a sunny enviroment and illuminates his face so that we feel he has nothing to hide. In the scene where truman sees his farther, jim has to play a distressed character, the music refelcts this the distress of this character.

Bruce almighty

Equaling the cinematic magic was the on-screen chemistry that was evolving between Jim Carrey and the rest of the cast. The combination of Carrey’s comedic genius and Morgan Freeman’s vast experience and gravity created an offscreen relationship which echoed the film itself. “Morgan has this lifetime of human experience, with a smile over it all, and that’s what he brought to the set,” notes Shadyac. “Jim would sometimes ask Morgan about getting to a certain moment in the scene, and Morgan would tell him about his process and experience. And interestingly, Morgan would come to Jim for the comedic insight. It was really amazing to watch these two experts at their crafts come together and bounce off each other.”


Instead of his then-standard $20 million paycheck, Carrey accepted $12 million for his dramatic acting services.


During that time, Weir and Niccol worked on 14 drafts of the script. Weir also wrote a 10-page backstory that went into the history of the television show The Truman Show within the movie. According to the backstory , Christof was 29 years old when he convinced the Omnicam Corporation to give him the go-ahead to produce a show called Bringing Up Baby, starring an infant whose first year in the world would be fully documented.

Weir found that he had so much good material asking the actors to come up with answers to his questions as their onscreen personas that he put together a documentary unit to capture everything. Some parts made it to the movie, and the rest were turned into a half-hour documentary about the show that ran on Nick at Nite, presented as an episode of Tru Talk, hosted by Harry Shearer’s Mike Michaelson character.


Carrey finished filming before Harris was brought in. This is amazing in terms of acting considering they are two of the main characters

Peter Weir is almost one of these — his feature film resume boasts everything from mystery to horror to romcom to historical epic, but he falls just short of true all-rounder status because a glimpse at his back catalogue really suggests that while he has dallied with various genres, he’s more comfortable staying within shouting distance of ‘human drama.’ In fact, you get the impression that Weir only crosses genres because he is following his particular thematic preoccupations (fish-out-of-water scenarios, man vs. nature struggles, etc.) where they lead, rather than because of some kind of intellectual compulsion to kick against his limitations through experimentation.Carrey’s Truman is a charming and upright character and the actor thankfully keeps his facial distortions and histrionics almost to a minimum, wisely understanding that the film has no real use for them.Though Carrey and Harris never share the screen, Christof’s attempts to prevent Truman from exiting his giant set of a world anchor the film and keep it from spinning off into more prototypical blockbuster bombastics.

This article is a reveiw of how Christianity is presented through jim carreys acting by   Anna Waterhouse

“Maybe the film works because the concept Carrey is trying to get across is larger than his larger-than-life persona. Or maybe it’s his strong desire to have us truly listen, so certain is he that if we pay attention, we’ll come away with a grain of truth. Or it could be that when someone writes a love note to Yahweh and wants so badly to share it, it’s hard to turn away.”


“Yes, there are flaws. Carrey is such a bouncy, hyperactive soul that it’s impossible to think of him as a malcontent. It is like trying to imagine Tigger as dyspeptic. So the premise—a dissatisfied guy on whom falls the proverbial last straw—loses something in the translation. But if we can buy the notion that all of us, at one time or other, were angry enough at God to scream and yell and throw a hissy fit, the rest falls neatly into place.”



Bruce Almighty(2003) Tom shadyac

Jim carrey plays a news reporter his dream is to be come an anchor which is the top news reporter who reports the main news. There are lots of close up shots of jim to show his facial expressions through out the film, this is part of his slapstick comedy it  is used to make the audience laugh. throughout the film jim seems to have on going sayings such as ” that’s the way the cookie crumbles” and “beautiful” these funny phrases are repeated and then become memorable to the audience.

by David Kronke

SPLICEDwire interviewed Peter Weir on April 201998 at the Ritz Hotel in San Francisco


My three film choses are Liar liar, Bruce Almighty, Truman show. Although  Both Liar Liar and Bruce Almighty are directed by tom shadyac, The truman show is directed by Peter Weir. All three of my films are successful Hollywood blockbuster comedys staring the main character as Jim carrey. So therefore my small scale research project focus is Jim Carreys comedy screen persona such as his extreme facial expressions, impersonations of other holly wood stars, hyperactivity, clowning around routines. My focus film is The truman show as Jim carrey had to  reinvented his onscreen persona for this film to take on a more profound and thought provoking role, however this film at the same time focuses on the element of comedy. I think this

A persona is the part of someone and the way they present themselves to the world,  it is the image you want to present or the role that an actor uses. In jim Carreys case his persona is comedy. However due to my focus film being the true man show it shows a different side the jim carry

How does ‘Rashomon’ (Kurosawa, 1951) portray postwar Japan and address the need to reflect on the past and look to the future?

How does ‘Rashomon’ (Kurosawa, 1951) portray postwar Japan and address the need to reflect on the past and look to the future?

You should reference the opening and ending of the film as well as considering a key moment or sequence from the middle of the film.

Address the distinctiveness of Film Form in the Japanese Golden Age, narrative content, social/political contexts, themes, messages and values and issues of  representation (women, men, social mores, Samurai).

The opening of rashomon it starts of with montage of shots showing different images of where the film is set, there are diagonal lines shown through wood this reflects the complicated and disturbing situation japan is it after the war, Also the director of the film Kurosawa, was  also an abstract artist so he likes to reflect abstract shapes into his film. There is a  establishing shot of the Japaneses hut this instantly shows the audience the after effects of the war shown through the hut building as  it is destroyed. the sets the scene with the pouring of rain this reflects the pathetic fallacy of the situation, as the guys are feeling down about reflecting on war and how men are supposedly all lairs. The rain stops as they are talking shows that what their talking about should be focused on. The Slow editing used also reflects the sad slow mood. There is a long shot used this is a typical micro feature of a Japanese film, as The extreme long shot was first invented by the western genre typically the “lonerider”, occupies a small ratio of the screen space in relation to the setting or their surroundings. In the extreme long shot the screen space is filled primarily with the surroundings: in the western genre this is a panoramic view of a desolate plain, mountain or valley, its been used in rashomon as the men are sitting in the background under the hut with the rain pouring down in front of them it is  illustrating the barren, harsh environment an antagonist is set in; thereby explaining his psychological state. The continuous theme of death is introduced straight away  in the dialogued used by the men in this scene, words such as “war” “death”. Theatrical ways of filming and diagonal have been used this reflects another typical theme of Japanese films, it shows the over exaggeration of characters acting  and the use if close ups. It makes it clear to the audience what the actors emotion is.  Low key lighting has been used this also reflects the sad mood. The middle sequence Im going to focused on is when the Samaria is talking though the medium, a high shot has been used in the shot before the medium it makes the men look vulnerable therefor scared of the past. There is a low angle shot of the medium this reflects her strangeness also shows the contrast from the others.  There is also a zoom into the mediums face this also reflects her weirdness as it zooms it into her facial expressions.  Over the shoulder shots used to show the facial expression of the people in the background, and seeing from the persons point of view. The wind in the background and flowing through her wavy dress makes the scene more dramatic. The Medium represents no realism, and links with the grudge. The man says ‘man just wants to forget the bad things, and believe in the made up good things’ this is a pessimistic point of view   of things this view has been said because probably the people of japan at the time were annoyed at the fact USA government have control over Japan. There is a cut to the men talking with  thunder and lighting then it jump cuts to a devil statue this represents the Gothic horror film. The mans voice to echoing from the medium this reflects how over powerful he is and reflects his ghostly  ways. You cant hear the wind as the viewer this reflects the supernatural, the only sound you can hear is the dietetic sound of the mans chanting i think this is to reflect his suffering from his death. Women in this sequence are represented as liars this is also a key theme of Japanese film is that  women are often represented as horrible people. In the ending of rashamon, the scene is started off by the ending od the story and that the three men start to contemplate men, and that men are liars, one of the men start throwing away the wood into the rain this represents the fire burning out like there is no hope left for man kind. Then suddenly there is a dietetic sound of baby cries, again this sound is often associated with horror films. The two men start to argue they are pushed out into the rain this is significant as it is though the so could “truth” has finally home or metaphorically speaking poured onto them. The messages of truth that men will never change. Then there is a transitional fade sequence of the men standing with no movement, the rain stops. This sequence represents that time has passed on by and that the man has thought about his actions of stealing. The man then decides to adopt the baby in an act of kindness and to prove that man can do good in this world. Uplifting music starts to play reflecting the positive situation and it contrast with the negative music at the beginning, there is a low angle shot of the man as the film comes to an end, showing the man has become powerful as he is trying to make a change in his life by looking after this baby.



  • Male white teacher, reflects society, how white are in charge.
  • Black people shot in same frame this represents segragation
  • white people don’t listen to black shot reverse shot
  • Lots of fade transitions shows time has gone past
  • compared to the character in color purple the main character sticks up for herself
  • precious in her own frame with white people walking past, showing white people don’t care. however the teacher seems to care
  • a lot of fast farwarding shows nervousness
  • whenever something goes back she thinks about her dreams. cuts
  • shot reverse shot of the mirror, wishing she was white.
  • The bright light represents the opportunities
  • the  different is when she changes school the women teacher does nothing about it and they are shot in the same frame.
  • White people only on tv
  • music is sung by coloured females.
  • Different shots of black inspirations, she dreams to be big not just in size.
  •  the nurse guy is black.